Fast Dawid-Skene: A Fast Vote Aggregation Scheme for Sentiment Classification

Abstract

Many real world problems can now be effectively solved using supervised machine learning. A major roadblock is often the lack of an adequate quantity of labeled data for training. A possible solution is to assign the task of labeling data to a crowd, and then infer the true label using aggregation methods. A well-known approach for aggregation is the Dawid-Skene (DS) algorithm, which is based on the principle of Expectation-Maximization (EM). We propose a new simple, yet effective, EM-based algorithm, which can be interpreted as a ‘hard’ version of DS, that allows much faster convergence while maintaining similar accuracy in aggregation. We show the use of this algorithm as a quick and effective technique for online, real-time sentiment annotation. Our experiments on standard datasets show a significant speedup in time taken for aggregation - upto ~8x over Dawid-Skene and ~6x over other fast EM methods, at competitive accuracy performance.

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